Wie sehen uns die anderen? Freiburg in den Medien


Stehen wir dazu. In Freiburg leben wir da, wo andere Urlaub machen. Wie sehen uns diese anderen? Eine kleine Medienschau von New York Times über Lonely Planet bis ins brasilianische Fernsehen.

Lonely Planet: Germany/Freiburg

"Freiburg, western gateway to the Southern Black Forest, has the happy-go-lucky attitude of a thriving university community. Framed by the velvety hills of the Black Forest, it is endowed with a wealth of historical attractions, led by the superb Münster.

Add to this a lively cultural scene and an excellent range of restaurants, bars and clubs, and it’s easy to understand why Freiburg is such a terrific place to visit and to base yourself while exploring the Schwarzwald."

Johann Peter Hebel:
"Alemannische Gedichte - Für Freunde ländlicher Natur und Sitten."
erschienen 1803, Karlsruhe, Macklots Hofbuchhandlung

"Z'Friburg in de Stadt,
sufer isch's un glatt,
richi Herre, Geld un Guet,
Jumpfere wie Milch un Bluet,
z'Friburg in de Stadt!"

"In Freiburg in der Stadt,
sauber ist's und schön,
reiche Herren, Geld und Gut,
Jungfrauen wie Milch und Blut,
In Freiburg in der Stadt!"

Spiegel Online - Interview mitWirtschaftsnobelpreisträgerin Elinor Ostrom zur Uno-Klimakonferenz 2009 (2009)

SPIEGEL ONLINE: Was passiert, wenn es keine Einigung in Kopenhagen gibt?

Wir müssen uns von der Idee verabschieden, dass es nur eine Lösung auf globaler Ebene gibt. Es gibt auch darunter viele wichtige Ebenen, auf denen etwas passieren miss. Wenn sich die Politiker in Kopenhagen nicht einigen können, würde ich sie gern bis auf die Knochen blamieren - durch ein paar andere Abkommen, in denen Menschen sagen: "Wir haben keine Lust mehr, auf Euch zu warten." Die Stadt Freiburg ist ein gutes Beispiel dafür, was das heißt.

Warum, um alles in der Welt, ausgerechnet Freiburg?

Ich verbringe oft Zeit in Deutschland - und einiges von dem, was ich da sehe, beeindruckt mich. Lokale Initiativen können nicht alles lösen, aber denken Sie nur einmal an die vielen Fahrradwege, die es dort gibt. Jeder Radfahrer reduziert seinen eigenen CO2-Ausstoß und lebt gleichzeitig noch gesund. Sonntags fährt jeder in den Wald und hat eine gute Zeit - mit dem Rad, nicht mit dem Auto. Jeder sollte sich fragen, warum er das verdammte Auto nicht Zuhause gelassen hat - oder es am besten gleich ganz loswerden."
"Freiburg im Breisgau mit seinen Umgebungen."
von Dr. Heinrich Schreiber
erschienen im Herder'sche Zunft- und Buchhandlung 1838.

"Freiburg, die Hauptstadt des Breisgaues, und dritte Hauptstadt des Großherzogtums Baden, liegt im Oberrheinkreise, fast in der Mitte des genannten Gaues, am Fuße der Gebirgskette des Schwarzwaldes. Vor der Stadt entwickelt sich, in einer Ausdehnung von mehren Stunden, eine fruchtbare und bevölkerte Ebene; wie ein lieblich wechselnder Garten, längs des Ufer des Rheines und dem Kaiserstuhle, über welchen in der Ferne die Häupter der Vogesen emporragen."

New York Time:
In German Suburb, Life Goes On Without Cars (2009)  
"Vauban, Germany — Residents of this upscale community are suburban pioneers, going where few soccer moms or commuting executives have ever gone before: they have given up their cars.

Street parking, driveways and home garages are generally forbidden in this experimental new district on the outskirts of Freiburg, near the French and Swiss borders. Vauban’s streets are completely “car-free” — except the main thoroughfare, where the tram to downtown Freiburg runs, and a few streets on one edge of the community. Car ownership is allowed, but there are only two places to park — large garages at the edge of the development, where a car-owner buys a space, for $40,000, along with a home.

As a result, 70 percent of Vauban’s families do not own cars, and 57 percent sold a car to move here. “When I had a car I was always tense. I’m much happier this way,” said Heidrun Walter, a media trainer and mother of two, as she walked verdant streets where the swish of bicycles and the chatter of wandering children drown out the occasional distant motor."

Fantástico (Brasilien): Cidade do Futuro / Environmental Care

Quelle: YouTube
[youtube 1d1VBkirTJY nolink]

The Guardian:
50 people who could save the planet (2008)

Dieter Salomon
Mayor of Freiburg
Freiburg in southern Germany is the most ecologically-aware town in Europe and possibly the rich world. The city of 250,000 people dubs itself a "solar region" and gathers nearly as much power from the sun as is collected in all of Britain. It's stacked with research establishments and its solar firms employ thousands of people. It is also the playground of architect Rolf Disch, who builds houses that need to be heated for only a week each year and whose cost is paid for by the electricity generated by the panels on their roofs. Salomon, 47, says that by 2010, at least 10% of all the energy consumed in Freiburg will come from renewables. To attain this, a huge area of the city centre has been turned into a pedestrian zone and there are 500km of bike paths. More than a third of all journeys are made by bike, and there are fewer than 200 parking places for cars in the centre compar ed with 5,000 for bikes. The snag? The quality of life is so good in Freiburg that too many people want to live there and it's hard for anyone to buy a house.

The Ottawa Citizen Eco Voyager:
How bikes and cars co-exist

"In Freiburg I first encountered the use of a different coloured road surface or paint, in this case reddened asphalt, to delineate the bike lane in some of the more challenging intersections. Red means bikes, and the drivers know it. So too does the cyclist. Cyclists are alert, cars slow down, everyone is prompted appropriately. In real cycling cities, the two co-exist. Not once did I hear a horn sounded or a cyclist's voice raised out of frustration or fear. What strikes the Canadian visitor is just how ordinary cycling seems to be in the lives of the locals. It is not a big deal to choose to ride somewhere. It does not involve special clothes, helmets, gloves and fancy bikes. Herds of children roll by on their way to school together. Couples head off to work. An older lady rides by with a load of groceries in the rear panniers, and a lapdog in the front basket."

The Guardian:
Is this the greenest city in the world?
  "It is part of Freiburg's unrelenting quest to be one of the greenest cities in the world, helped by the (uncomfortable) fact that it was flattened by Allied bombers in the Second World War and rebuilt on enlightened, energy-saving principles. Now, as Gordon Brown announces plans to build 10 new eco towns in Britain - in places such as Oakington in Cambridgeshire, and Long Marston, near Stratford-upon-Avon - perhaps it is time to learn from the city we destroyed.

'We always compete against Munster as the most ecological town,' says Claudia Duppe, a lecturer and resident of Freiburg's Rieselfeld quarter, 'whether it is the length of the cycle paths, the number of people cycling to work, or the amount of solar panels on the roofs.' Over a glass of local wine, she tells me about her life. As well as living in a passive house, she cycles everywhere ('the cycle routes are brilliant') or takes the tram - a cheap, fast mode of transport that makes car ownership unnecessary. 'We don't own one,' Claudia says, 'but we paid €600 to join a car-sharing club.' She only hires a car for 'big loads' when shopping, or 'to go skiing in the mountains'.

Like all good Germans, Claudia recycles - and her food waste is collected for composting. With her partner Thomas Beyer, a physicist, she has chosen the greenest education possible for her two-year-old daughter, Helen. 'She goes to a forest kindergarten a short cycle ride from here,' says Claudia. 'The children play outdoors for three-and-a-half hours a day - whether it is rain, hail or snow. When Helen started in November, it was -15C.'

I ask how Helen benefits from such a hardy education. 'It's a different way of playing,' says Claudia, explaining how the Abenteuerbaustelle ('adventure site') combines elements of Montessori teaching with ideas from Rudolf Steiner. 'They forbid any toys, so the children play with sticks and leaves. Each day, they take what the forest offers. By now, lots of things are in bloom; they can open tiny, brown-crusted buds and there is something green inside. They slow down, they are themselves, they live with the cycle of nature ...'

It sounds extreme, but Rieselfeld is a fairly extreme place. I take a tour with Andreas Roessler, a representative of the Rieselfeld Citizens' Association who has lived here since the pioneering days of 1996. With his shaved head, bomber jacket and shades, he looks every bit the fortysomething communard."

The Guardian: Leserbrief von Radiohead-Sänger Thom Yorke (2008)

"In Freiburg, an amazing green city in Germany, they have done a huge amount to make it easier for people to get around without the car and generally live low-carbon lifestyles. It's not without its problems, but it shows that a bit of political leadership can get you a long way, and that green living can be good living, too."

Deutsche Welle TV: Made in Germany - Freiburg

Quelle: YouTube
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BBC One: Vauban, a green utopia?
"Vauban is a suburb of the German city of Freiburg im Breisgau and it can probably lay claim to being the greenest place in Europe - if not the world.

Sitting in south western Germany, close to the border with France and Switzerland, it is an environmentalist's paradise.Energy is generated by solar panels and wood chip burners and people live in low energy "passive" houses. Car ownership is frowned upon to the point of being actively discouraged and recycling is practically a religion.

Café Babel: Europe's Eco-Cities (2005)

"Cycling is central to Freiburg’s transport system. In the last three decades the city’s cycle lane network has grown from 29 km to over 500 km in length. The Freiburgers themselves like pointing out that there are three bikes to every two residents – an impressive, if somewhat bewildering statistic! Key to the success of the transport network is the way the different modes of transport interconnect so effectively.

For example, the main railway station sports both bus and tram stops, and a range of cyclist’s facilities, including 1,000 parking spaces for bikes. The extensive cycle lanes and tramlines, as well as ‘park-and-ride’ and ‘bike-and-ride’ initiatives make public transport not only efficient but attractive. Further developments include the new €400 million ‘Breisgau S-Bahn’ – a fast suburban railway linking Freiburg with nearby towns and villages."

MSNBC: German city takes solar power to heart - Freiburg shows off Solar Ship community center, and a rotating solar house (2007)
"Solar architect Rolf Disch's house looks like an upside down Apollo spacecraft and serves as a testing ground for his design ideas. Its large windows look out on his projects realized throughout Freiburg. The home slowly turns with the sun, to charge a billboard-sized solar panel on the roof, and the waterless toilet emits an occasional malodorous whiff. Hanna Lehmann, Disch's wife, said she does not mind these features but admitted she would like to have a freezer, which would eat up too much electricity for her husband. "I miss my Campari on ice," she said.
Disch and Freiburg are pioneers in energy saving, and a growing number of eco-tourists flock here to admire his house, known as the Heliotrope, from the Greek words for "sun" and "turn." Across the city, solar panels are on everything from the soccer stadium to entire neighborhoods with homes that produce more energy than they use."

Newsweek: Cities of Virtue (2007)

"Long before anybody noticed that the Alpine snows were melting earlier and freakish weather events became fodder for the science pages of European newspapers, the German city of Freiburg put in bicycle paths, made 42 percent of land surrounding the city off-limits to development and imposed energy standards on new construction. Its latest move: encouraging residents to be energy-independent by giving tax breaks to renewable-energy companies and subsidizing the use of solar panels in new construction.

This city of 200,000 now has 11,223 square meters of solar cells covering its rooftops, a fortyfold increase since 1996. The new Vauban district of 2,000 eco-homes, completed in 2006, includes 50 solar houses, each producing more energy than it consumes. In environmentalist circles, Freiburg is known as Europe's solar capital, an achievement Mayor Dieter Salomon attributes "above all to the commitment of the people."

Tocotronic - Freiburg

Quelle: YouTube
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